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A Malfunction Occurred in the SHERLOC Device of the Mars Rover Perseverance

SHERLOC (Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminance for Organics and Chemicals), mounted on Perseverance’s robotic arm, uses imaging, spectroscopy and laser technology to search for organic compounds and minerals altered by aqueous environments. These minerals and components are essential components in the study of past microbial life. On January 6, the engineering team realized that incorrect positioning of the cover was affecting the laser and spectroscopy functions of the device. To partially solve the problem, an update was made to change the power provided to the lid’s motor, allowing the lid to be closed and opened completely. Although this solution limited some of the rover’s capabilities, it was important for the continuation of other studies. A key camera on SHERLOC, WATSON (Wide Angle Topographic Sensor for Operations and Engineering), can continue to operate as an imaging microscope, taking close-up images of rock grains and surface textures on Mars through an alternative aperture.

The importance of SHERLOC is that it has a suite of seven instruments that are available as backup so that the targeted missions can be completed without interruption in case Perseverance experiences a malfunction. This package includes other spectroscopy devices such as PIXL and SuperCam. While Perseverance continues its exploration, the mission team is working on a full solution to the problem.

We have reviewed some parts of this advanced rover in our previous bulletins, and we will examine them more comprehensively in future bulletins.

OpenAI Announces Sora!

The extraordinary artificial intelligence Sora, which can be converted into any written video format, can produce very large videos according to written commands. Although it is still difficult to create a visualization of a complex scene, it is a big step towards the technological revolution. What is Sora and How Does It Work? By taking care of user texts, high quality videos are created accordingly. It also has the ability to process any display other than text. He can move it around and bring small details to life. Moreover, although it has various shortcomings, it can extend a video and complete the missing frames itself. The length of the created video can reach up to 1 minute. Sora not only understands the user’s command, but also knows how it appears in the physical, visual world. Thanks to its advanced deep understanding of language, it interprets the user’s command correctly and can create impressive characters with superior talent.
As we mentioned, Sora has shortcomings in creating an image. For example, when a cat scratches you, Sora may not be able to create a scratch mark on your hand. If you have not written down the outcome of an event precisely, he may have difficulty in following and completing it himself, and even if he completes it, he may have deficiencies. OpenAI continues its work, we are sure that these deficiencies will be completed and Sora will develop further. While the work continues, the OpenAI red team team is taking security measures to prevent negative situations or misuse of Sora. Artificial Intelligence is currently only available to the team we mentioned and some of my visual artists.
Considering the innovations to be made, we think Sora will have a much greater place in our future lives. It is possible to predict that it will provide great convenience, especially in productions with visual techniques, advertisements and films.

The Middle East’s First Space Base is Being Established

The first spaceport named Etlaq is planned to be built in the Middle East. Oman announced that the base could operate at full capacity by 2030. It was also stated that the standards set by the US Federal Aviation Administration will be adhered to during the construction process, and the design of this base, which will be built in the port city of Dukm with ramps, will also comply with them.

Stating that the city of Dukm has a geographical advantage, Nascom President Azzan El Sayid said, “The only base closer to the Equator is in French Guiana. However, since it is in a completely different hemisphere, we do not see that base as a direct rival. Another factor that makes Oman attractive is the presence of the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean in the east.This makes the fall range safer” he said.


Design model published for spaceport (Nascom)

The Omani administration announces that they are taking steps to give the country an important role in the space industry. Three launch complexes (one for medium-large rockets, the other for small-medium rockets, and the last one for micro rockets) will be built at the base. Thanks to its location close to the Equator, the city of Dukm becomes the ideal location for launching from the spaceport. It is anticipated that construction will begin by 2025.

Sira Space Company Prepared a Project for Space Waste

The satellite and space sector, which is developing faster every year with the breakthroughs made by private companies in the field of space, brings with it the problem of space garbage. Since space debris poses a collision risk for satellites and spacecraft, collecting space debris is of great importance for the safety of space technologies. Taking action for this purpose, Şira Space company aims to be a solution with the Carina Space Waste Cleaning and Renewal project. The project aims to collect space debris with electromagnetic networks, bring it to the space station with completely robotic systems, and then renew or destroy it. Stating that it is thought that there are approximately 17 thousand pieces of garbage in space, Şira Space Chief Executive Gurur Gaye Günal made the following statement: “We have achieved a first in the world in the field of space. While the whole world is looking for different scientific solutions to clean up this garbage within the framework of the obligation imposed by the United Nations regarding the cleaning of space garbage, we have undertaken an innovative and leading project in this field from Turkey: The project of realizing the Space Waste Recycling Center in space. . We established our collaborations by taking the necessary steps to carry out this project with local and foreign collaborations. “We will open this project, which we will launch from Turkey in March, to the whole world and investors at an international space congress to announce it to the whole world.”

This Week in Our Art Corner

Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey is a 2014 American scientific documentary series. It is a sequel to the Cosmos: A Personal Voyage series written and presented by Carl Sagan in 1980. This documentary explains the work of scientists in a cinematic way and explains space-time by giving examples from the cosmos and the universe. It was hosted by astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson, a former student of the first presenter, Carl Sagan. You can watch the preview of the 13 episode series below.